Get Ready for a Smart & Clean DC Future!
Nathaniel Hawthorne (The House of the Seven Gables – 1851) couldn’t have anticipated a better way to describe how Power Electronics and Internet are shifting today’s energy industry.
Why DC & Microgrids
We live in a DC world
Without realizing it, we are today living in a direct current world. Data centers convert AC power to DC. Electric motors runs on DC. Our electronic and battery driven devices all use DC: mobile phones, laptops, IT equipment, LED lighting, HVAC units, Electric Vehicles, and soon washing machines, fridges, TVs… Today, many of these equipments are delivered with adapters which convert AC from the wall socket to DC, and in the conversion process energy is unnecessarily wasted.
From Centralized to Decentralized
Historically, electricity was produced in large power plants and then transported through a network of high voltage overhead lines to substations, where it was converted to lower voltages and distributed to individual households and buildings. This traditional top-down approach is now challenged by the emergence of so-called distributed power generation. With the proliferation of solar panels on roofs and the installation of small wind or micro-hydro turbines, electricity can now be generated very closely to where it is consumed. With DC power generation and storage, households and businesses can achieve autonomy from the public electricity grid. They can trade-in surplus power or buy additional electricity as needed.
Solar, wind and water energy all yield DC electricity. Currently, this electricity is converted to AC to be converted back to DC for use by DC driven devices, sometimes multiple times. Using renewable energy as DC electricity is more efficient and generates less waste.
Large power users such as data centers, commercial buildings, hospitals or greenhouses can save a lot of electricity while receiving power of consistently high quality.
Overcoming technical hurdles
Many of the technical issues that blocked the development of DC grids are no longer an obstacle and in today’s world DC offers significant benefits over AC in terms of energy efficiency and power quality. Efficient DC converters are now able to deliver the right voltage levels for individual devices. The cost reduction in PV panels, the development of LED lighting, and the recent availability of low cost high performance batteries all encourage the rapid development of DC power installations.
Sustainable & Clean
DC can be generated anywhere, even in remote and isolated locations like islands. The main drivers are energy efficiency and sustainability. Combined with some form of energy storage, HVDC and LVDC networks have the potential of bringing millions of people out of the dark, cutting carbon emissions and reducing environmental impacts, saving on energy bills and electricity wastes.
ENCOM® DC Architecture
The increase in the number of devices used in buildings, that are based on semi-conductor technology and therefore rely on Low Voltage Direct Current (LVDC) to power them, has encouraged the emergence of single point rectification and distribution systems which can be made more efficient, through effective design.
Improvements in cost, energy efficiency and power quality are key drivers for global development and adoption of DC energy systems.
Further efficiencies can be realized as alternative supply systems such as photovoltaics are fed into direct current systems, thereby eradicating losses introduced through inversion and later rectification.
Leveraging on its efficient and flexible 380VDC Architecture, ENCOM® is redefining the value of EMS (Energy Management Systems) through a world first holistic platform where multiple power sources and loads consolidate and communicate.
ENCOM® IoE (Internet of Energy) innovative technologies improve the efficiency of the microgrids:
• By gathering Data from our Patented DC Energy Bus to improve the resilience of the grid.
• Through enablement, with our Machine Learning algorithms being used to manage Data resources in real-time.
• By fusionning IP-IoT solutions to span well beyond energy control and offer even more visibility and comfort.
The result is a better way to power homes, offices, schools, hospitals, warehouses, shops, industries and cities. A way where Data can be leveraged as insights of the environments, for a better control of your energy, and to increase the productivity and well-being of occupants.
Patented DC Energy Bus
The proprietary hardware and network architecture of the ENCOM® DC Smart Grid employ unique multiplex UART, LIN, CAN Bus networks over the DC power line.
The FLUXXE NETWORKS® ( fluxxenetworks.io ) patented UART transceiver allows customers to use the LIN protocol or tailored UART protocols to fit a specific application. Many devices from solar panels and batteries to LED drivers and DC sensors can be linked to transfer Data signals.
ENCOM® in partnership with FLUXXE®, has succeeded to deploy advanced digital PLC over DC with unique modulation techniques, tailored to overcome noisy environments in a small size silicon device.
Machine Learning Intelligence
ENCOM® efficiently analyzes Data from any hardware connected to its DC Smart Grid to deliver real-time insights, enabling operators and stakeholders to understand the impact of current and predicted consumption on the distributed network.
One of the biggest challenges with monitoring the health of equipment is in transforming torrents of raw, unstructured machine data into useful insights about maintenance needs, system performance, and anomaly detection. Traditional methods of “store everything now, ask later” can overwhelm networks and expose bottlenecks which delay the discovery of insights until it is too late. In order to capture insights about machine health and react to those insights in a timely manner, it is critical that energy data can be processed at the edge.
Using Machine Learning to identify insights within raw, streaming machine data allows edge instances to reduce the amount of data that must be sent over the network. Data volume is compressed at the source, while downstream applications continue to receive the full resolution of machine data from devices and sensors.
ENCOM®, in partnership with DATA SYSTEMS® ( www.datasystems.ai ) provides its intelligence edge-based software which executes real-time analytics and Machine Learning, processing massive volumes of streaming Data where it is created.
Knowing more about your facilities and the people or equipment within them, enables intelligent decisions to be made.
ENCOM® long-term goal is to take a holistic energy management approach to offering buildings greater visibility and control that combines comfort and safety with measurable energy savings.
We believe that the key to success in Smart Grid deployments are technology ecosystems, and so we have been partnering with industry Leaders and IoT Specialists to make our DC infrastructure the perfect foundation to implement the IT solutions fitting your current and future needs.